Research to expand and improve comprehensive community programs that strive to reduce alcohol-impaired driving, injuries, and fatalities will save lives and reduce morbidity in future generations.
For a problem this large and widespread a systematic population approach is needed. This is the amount of ethanol in 12 ounces of 5 percent alcohol-by-volume ABV beer, 5 ounces of 12 percent ABV wine, or 1.
The strategies, programs, policies, and systems within these intervention opportunities need to take into account the varied environmental contexts within which they will be implemented.
Several NIH-supported studies demonstrated that comprehensive, community-based intervention programs can further reduce traffic deaths and other alcohol-related harm beyond that achieved through age 21 drinking laws.
The number of alcohol-related traffic deaths among 16 to 20 year-olds in the U. Physiological and cognitive impairment begin at BAC levels below those that are associated with intoxication. Key Terms Box S-3 highlights key terms related to impairment used throughout the report.
This report presents these interventions and opportunities.
The Road to Zero is consistent with the goals of Vision Zero—a philosophical approach to road safety that was crafted in the s and adopted in Sweden in Successful past efforts to reduce alcohol-impaired driving are well recognized. Higgins-Biddle J, Dilonardo J.
Department of Justice US. Page 8 Share Cite Suggested Citation: Importantly, the public itself can also directly participate in preventing alcohol-impaired driving through participation in Vision Zero.
Biologically, alcohol impairment occurs before reaching a BAC of 0. Alcohol-related relative risk of driver fatalities and driver involvement in fatal crashes in relation to driver age and gender: Reducing excessive alcohol use: Reducing alcohol-impaired driving injuries and fatalities is difficult to separate from the broader public health rationale for reducing excessive alcohol consumption since drinking is the precursor for alcohol-impaired driving.
Bold goals are important and can be used to galvanize action, change social norms, and bring stakeholders together around a common vision and goal. Its principal aim is to eliminate all serious road traffic injuries and fatalities.
The framework centers on the idea that the design and structure of roads and cars should account and accommodate for individual mistakes and choices. There are many existing evidence-based and promising strategies to address alcohol-impaired driving; however, a coordinated, multilevel approach across multiple sectors will be required to accelerate change.
In such circumstances, no further evidence of intoxication or impairment need be demonstrated for the purpose of a DUI case. Results of the — national roadside survey of alcohol and drug use by drivers.
Selection of interventions ought to be based on the extant literature; however, many interventions have not been adequately evaluated for general or specific effectiveness, or evaluated for effectiveness when brought to scale.
NIH studies revealed that young people who began drinking before age 15 are four times more likely to develop alcohol dependence during their lifetime than those who began drinking at age 21 or later. Each alcohol-impaired fatality represents a system failure. The committee was not charged with undertaking a systematic review of the evidence, but rather to identify which interventions are most promising to prevent alcohol-impaired driving injuries and fatalities given the current state of knowledge and environment.
Vision Zero, as a unifying philosophy, has expanded to other countries and can be expanded to address alcohol-impaired driving. The intervention opportunities interact with one another and target multiple levels e.Reviews of Evidence Regarding Interventions to Reduce Alcohol-Impaired Driving Ruth A.
Shults, PhD, MPH, Randy W. Elder, MEd, David A. Sleet, PhD, MA, James L. Nichols, PhD, he United States has made substantial progress in reducing alcohol-related trafﬁc fatalities in recent decades.
Since the National Highway. THE NATIONAL ACADEMIES PRESS Fifth Street, NW Washington, DC This project was supported by the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (Contract No.
). Any opinions, findings, conclusions, or recommendations expressed in this publication do not necessarily reflect the views of any organization or agency that provided support for the project.
ABSTRACTObjective: Despite successes in the s and early s, progress in reducing impaired driving fatalities in the United States has stagnated in recent years.
Sincethe percentage of drivers involved in fatal crashes with illegal blood alcohol concentration (BAC) levels has remained at approximately 20 to 22%.
Many experts believe that public complacency, competing social and. Traffic Safety Facts Data DOT HS Overview “Inthere were fatalities accounted for nearly 95 percent of transportation-related fatalities.
deaths, injuries, and economic losses from motor vehicle crashes. Fortunately, much progress has been made in reducing the number of deaths and serious injuries on our Nation’s. In10, people died in alcohol-impaired driving crashes, accounting for 28% of all traffic-related deaths in the United States.
1 Of the 1, traffic deaths among children ages 0 to 14 years in(17%) involved an alcohol-impaired driver. 1. to reduce alcohol-related crash fatalities.
fatalities in the United States and internationally. Research indicates that a person’s ability to oper- Although substantial progress has been made in the past to lower the number of these deaths, efforts to.Download